What Is Server? And Types Of Server
A server is a specialized machine or device with a particular set of programs that provide various services on which the server hardware, the software provides various services based on client requests. A server can provide various functionalities like centralized access to information, resources, stored data and routing system, it acts as client/server network because server and client act together to perform the tasks. Server comes in different types and sizes to facilitate different work.
File server is a machine that maintains files and allows clients or users to upload and download files from it. Clients mainly include computers, printers, faxes or other devices that can be connected to the server for sharing files securely.
Types of Servers:
The multiple types of servers are as follows:
Application Server: An application server is a component-based product which also known as middleware provides middleware services for security and state maintenance, along with data access and persistence. It contains a substantial amount of computing region between database servers and the end user.
Groupware Server: It is software designed that enables the users to work together, irrespective of the location, through the Internet and to function together in a virtual atmosphere.
Virtual Servers: Virtual server is a separate computer that shares hardware and software resources with other operating systems (OS) to satisfy the customer’s demands. A virtual server is cost-effective and provides faster resource control.
IRC Server: IRC (Internet Relay Chat) server specially designed for the users to work in the virtual atmosphere provides real-time discussion capabilities. It comprises different network servers that enable the users to connect to each other to an IRC network.
List Server: It is the best way of managing mailing lists. The server can be either open interactive discussion for the people or a one-way list. It is a program that handles subscription requests for a mailing list and distributes new messages, newsletters, or other postings from the list's members to the entire list of subscribers
Audio and Video Server: It provides multimedia capabilities to websites to broadcast streaming of user’s multimedia content.
Chat Server and Fax server: Chat server creates the real-time discussion capabilities for the users to exchange data in an environment similar to Internet newsgroup and fax server also one of the best options for organizations to fax actual documents.
Mail Server: It transfers and stores the emails over corporate networks through LANs, WANs and across the Internet.
Proxy Server: It acts as a mediator between a client program and an external server for the process of filtering the requests to improve performance and share connections.
Web Server: It is sharing a file through the web browser by loading a file from a disc and transferring using the network to the user’s web browser. This exchange was done by HTTP between browser and server.